CHANDRAYAAN-3: Back to the moon

CHANDRAYAAN-3 will be India’s second journey to the moon. Last year India launched Chandrayaan-2 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. But failed to land its rover on the moon. It was told that Chandrayaan-3 will be put set in motion at the end of 2020. As we are dealing with this huge pandemic Covid-19, the project is put on halt on temporary basis. Chandrayaan-3 is India’s desirous mission to complete the nation’s first lunar mission. During the India’s second lunar mission, the moon lander Vikram was crashed into the lunar surface. It was apparently due to its breaking rockets. Indian Space Research Organization ( ISRO ) has announced the launching of another lunar mission at the beginning of 2020.

Chandrayaan-3 is a planned third lunar exploration mission by Indian Space Research Organization like Chandrayaan-2. The latest lunar mission will cost about 6.15 billion or $ 91.2 million at current exchange rate making this project comparatively less expensive than Chandrayaan-2, which costed 9.7 billion or $ 136.1 million. The organization is planning to land its lander at the same position as the crash site of Chandrayaan-2.

CHANDRAYAAN-2, FOUNDATION FOR NEXT MISSION

CHANDRAYAAN-2, which is totally a indigenous mission comprising of an orbiter, lander and a rover. The goal of this mission is to explore south pole of the moon. This was an unique mission as it aims at studying not just one area of the moon instead areas combining the exosphere, the surface as well as the sub- surface of the moon in a single mission.

OBJECTIVES OF CHANDRAYAAN-2

OBJECTIVES FOR THIS MISSION-:

  • Moon provides best linkage to Earth’s early history. It describes a record of inner solar system environment.
  • To understand origin of the moon’s environment.
  • Study about presence of water on the surface, below the surface and in the layer of exosphere given by Chandrayaaan-1.

LAUNCHER AND THE SPACECRAFT

  • LAUNCHER-: The GSLV-Mk-III is India’s most powerful launcher to date. It contains designs and inner structure exclusively from India.
  • ORBITER-: The orbiter will observe the lunar surface and links Earth and Chandrayaan-2’s lander, Vikram.
  • VIKRAM LANDER-: The lander is India’s first step to soft landing on the lunar surface.
  • PRAGYAAN ROVER-: This is a six-wheeled rover which will move around the landing site in semi-autonomous mode as decided by ground commands.
CHANDRAYAAN-2 ROVER
INFORMATION RELATED TO CHANDRAYAAN-1 AND CHANDRAYAAN-2
CHANDRAYAAN-2 LANDER AND ORBITER

The older mission has an orbiter, lander and a rover which clearly explains the high price of Chandrayaan-3. Since the orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 already is in well condition so it can be use in Chandrayaan-3, confirmed by ISRO officials. A successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 will make India joining the list of the countries achieving this mission, which is comprising of China, United states and Russia.

LAUNCH DATE OF CHANDRAYAAN-3 DUE TO PAMDEMIC

The globally affecting pandemic due to coronavirus has put a halt with the working and organization of the mission. So it is clearly visible to expect slight delay in the launch date due to lockdown imposed by the Indian government. K. Sivan, ISRO chairman, spoke about the impacts covid-19 has on the organization in an interview. He said that all research development, designing, and manufacturing processes are closed on the temporary basis and further work will be done from home via video calling. He further added “ we cannot take any decision based on present condition so waiting is the correct option for now” he said.

WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR THIS DELAY?

This lockdown conditions arising from covid-19 is not the only reason for this pause. With the country’s large sum of funds is being utilize into dealing with economic drops, social infrastructure and to support its citizen in health aspects. Thus keeping in view of the present situation, the things which are necessary should be done first.

Moreover, any costly investment in the projects for future which is not meant for public relief will kindle criticism among the people of our nation.

In conclusion, We all are waiting eagerly for the launching of CHANDRAYAAN-3 as it will not only add our country to the list of achievers of this feat but will also help us to collect information about the water molecules that are present on the surface, inside and under the surface of the lunar region. It can looked as development project for boosting our fields in astronomical area all over the world.

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