PCOD: What is it? Its symptoms, treatment and causes

PCOD is anachronym for Polycystic ovarian disease. If the conditions get worse further, the disease gets converted into PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome). It is biological imbalance of hormones in females. It is usually observed in women in age group between 12-45 years. In India, more than 1 million cases are seen every year. Hormonal imbalance causes irregular menstrual cycle, acne, hirsutism, weight gain and sudden mood swings. There are countless symptoms of pcod and if not treated on time leads to several heart diseases. Hormonal imbalance is mainly caused due to hectic lifestyle in which we are trapped. Eating unhealthy food, consuming meals late or skipping meals, not moving your body in any physical activity are some basic reasons for Pcod.

The most important thing to remember about pcod is, it is not a disease, its just result of your unhealthy lifestyle. There is not permanent cure for pcod nor there are any permanent medicines which one can take on daily basis. The only solution to this pcod is by improving your lifestyle. Being a pcod patient, I have observed that opting a good, clean and healthy schedule will kick away pcod within very less period of time. The medicines are temporary solution and you will soon understand that in order to treat pcod, you have to give all your patience, courage and power. So here is the detailed info about pcod, so that women out there can get to help (I would like to share what I personally have observed on my whole journey of curing pcod).

BIOLOGICAL REASONS FOR THE CAUSE

causes of pcod
  1. The female body has both female hormones, estrogen and progesterone as well as small number of male hormones, androgen. Under normal condition, male hormones are usually less than female hormones. But in pcod, the level of male hormones rises which affects the ovulation cycle occurring in females.
  2. This hormonal imbalance leads to irregular periods, facial hair growth, acne, weight gain, heavy hair fall, hirsutism and sudden mood swings.
  3. Ovaries contains follicles which are small sacs that contain eggs. Normally, each month ovary release one or two egg into the uterus when they get matured. This is called ovulation.
  4. In polycystic ovarian disease, the eggs in follicle do not mature and are not released from ovaries.
  5. These unmatured eggs form a layer called cysts inside ovary, which prevent ovulation.
  6. The lack of ovulation alters levels of FSH ( Follicle stimulating hormone ) and LH (Luteinizing hormone ) which controls ovulation.
  7. Pcod can be caused mainly due to genes, inflammation and insulin resistance (the cells in body does not use insulin efficiently).

SYMPTOMS OF PCOD

The most common symptoms of pcod can be seen within 1 or 2 months. Some common symptoms are: –

  1. IRREGUALR PERIODS: Due to lack of ovulation, the uterus linings do not shed off with blood and hence, periods do not occur.
  2. HEAVY BLEEDING: – Over time uterus lining gets thick and whenever it ruptures, heavy bleeding is observed.
  3. HAIR GROWTH: – Generally, in most cases women with this condition grow hairs on their face, belly and chest. Excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
  4. ACNE: – Excess male hormones makes oil secretary glands more active due to which, women faces acne.
  5. WEIGHT GAIN: – Most women gain weights, particularly near abdomen.
  6. BALDNESS: – Hair on scalp gets thinner.
  7. DARKENING OF SKIN: – The skin gets darker near neck and under breasts.

HOW BODY REACTS TO PCOD

Pcod affects women body in various ways, often these are life threatening too. Let’s take a look at these: –

  1. ENDOMETRIAL CANCER:

As the ovulation does not occur on regular basis, so the uterus linings get deposited and it causes endometrial cancer.

2. SLEEP APNEA: – Mostly, the women which are over weight deals with difficulty in breathing during their sleep.

3. METABOLIC SYNDROME: – As the women dealing with pcod are obese or over weight, they have higher risk of getting high blood pressure, low good cholesterol and high bad cholesterol. Thus, results in several heart diseases, diabetes and hypertension.

4. INFERTILITY: – To get pregnant, ovulation is necessary but in pcod you do not conceive due to lack of ovulation. This leads to infertility.

MEDICAL TREATMENTS FOR PCOD (TEMPRORARY SOLUTIONS)

If you have come across any of the above symptoms, do consult gynecologist. Some pills and checkups will be prescribed:

  1. BIRTH CONTROL PILLS – To balance hormones, control hair growth and protects from endometrial cancer.
  2. METFORMIN – To improve insulin levels.
  3. CLOMIPHENE – This helps women to get pregnant

These are medical treatments which will be given to you, when you approach a gynae. But to tell you the truth, to permanently treat pcod. One has to change their unhealthy lifestyle.

LIFESTYLE CHANGES TO COMBAT PCOD (PERMANENT SOLUTIONS)

In order to tackle pcod, exercise, healthy eating diet and proper schedule will surely improve symptoms of pcod.

Reducing weight will lower the risk of various heart diseases and will help in boosting good cholesterol level which in turn balances hormones. There are many YouTube trainers which I have followed personally for weight loss. The links are –

BLOGILATES

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvGEK5_U-kLgO6-AMDPeTUQ ( EMI WONG )

https://chloeting.com (CHLOE TING)

These are some youtubers which I recommend for exercising and weight loss.

Consuming good and healthy meals is also an important key to this journey. The diet should be rich in fiber, low in carbs and processed foods. One should increase the intake of complex carbs like healthy oatmeal, broccoli, green leafy vegetables and fruits. There is a myth, one should not consume dairy products but it is not like that. You have to avoid full cream milk. As body is resistant to insulin, one should lower the intake of refined foods, honey, jaggery, sugar and can food. More information on diet plan is provided in the link below –

weight loss plan by somya luhadiya

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJN3l7nQwqQIF2_RHfPxveg ( link for more recipes for pcod diet )

Exercising regularly and taking good healthy meal on time will help many women out there to remove pcod from its roots. The only thing you need is be consistent and determined because its sure is along journey but you can do it!!!!

DIGITAL INEQUALITY AMIDST CORONAVIRUS

The coronavirus pandemic has forced many families throughout the world to opt for digital mode for work, education and socialization. Some families have accepted this change with ease. But some are struggling due to inequality in our society. The people who are from underprivileged sections did not have enough penny to afford these changes. More than 1/3rd of schools in India are operating without electricity, making e-learning impossible. Coronavirus has made digitalization a necessity rather than a convenience. Inequality was a major threat in India which is increasing every year. And Coronavirus has made this even faster.

The pandemic has accelerated technological change, some businesses are doing fine with online mode whereas some are struggling due to inappropriate services. Many workers have been using masks, physical distancing and many other measures to earn wages. Some children have been sent to schools to learn due to absence of appropriate services. While others remain at their homes learning from computers.

DIGITAL INEQUALITIES AMIDST CORONAVIRUS

Unfortunately, pandemic has widened the gap of inequality in terms of technological access. due to which digitalization is now seeing as form of social inequality that is increasing with time. Hence the people belonging to lower sections as well as middle sections are most vulnerable.

As we are living in a tech savvy society. During this pandemic employment, education and income is completely dependent on technology as well as Social standards are making a huge gap too. For instance, some families have only one laptop for their needs making difficult to use by more than one at the same time.

EVEN IN 2020, ACCESS TO INTERNET IS JUST A DREAM TO MANY OUT THERE

WHY THIS DIGITAL INEQUALITY?

  • Amidst the condition of loss during this pandemic, Corporate sectors are keeping those with proficient skills.
  • Technology does not support all instead it has become a tool to use by wealthy people only.
  • Automation is removing many jobs and demanding new skills in others resulting in selection of only few individuals having knowledge.
  • The habit of people having best is somehow giving chances to the big entrepreneurs to get richer removing new ones.
  • Low skilled jobs are taken away by machine and those who lack education to meet the demand for high skills loose their jobs.
  • Education gap = Income gap
  • Today’s dilemma “an extremely skill driven economy without skilled workforce”.

SO WHO ARE AFFECTED DUE TO DIGITAL INEQAULITY?

India paces up efforts to promote ‘digital India’ dream but, more than 70% of rural India do not have access to internet.

  • Broadband usage in rural India is limited to a mere 29.2% whereas urban broadband penetration is up to 93%.
STATESPERCENTAGE
BIHAR21.69 %
UTTAR PRADESH21.64 %
MADHYA PRADESH23.88 %
JAMMU & KASHMIR16.58 %
WEST BENGAL25 %
ACCORDING TO REPORT PUBLISHED ON 31ST MARCH,2020

Are the states which have least no: of internet subscribers.

  • India has one of the largest gender gaps in terms of technology access. Overall 21% women are internet users while 41% are men.
  • Many schoolgirls don’t have access to computers on a regular basis.

HOW TO TACKLE DIGITAL INEQUALITY?

  1. Widening broadband internet access to rural areas in all public places to counter back digital inequality.
  2. Schools and libraries should be provided with internet access.
  3. Reducing taxes on devices and internet data to make it available to everyone.
  4. Reforming education pattern with new technologies to make students proficient in skills can be surely count to reduce digital inequality arising.
  5. Education policies must be directed to reduce gender gaps in utilization and access to technology.
  6. Government collaborations with entrepreneurs giving students an idea about skill ship development in digital field.

I raise up my voice — not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard … we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.

MALALA YOUSAFZAI,ACTIVIST FOR FEMALE EDUCATION

ZOJI-LA TUNNEL: CONSTRUCTION STARTS

Zoji-la tunnel project is a boosting project in the age of modern India. Zoji-la pass is situating at an altitude of 3,528 m on Srinagar – kargil leh highway. It is 15km from Sonamarg and provides a vital with Drass and Kargil in Ladakh. But, due to avalanche prone area, it remains close for about 6-7 months (November to May).

It takes more than 3 hours to cross the pass but tunnel will reduce it to 15 min. This tunnel plays an important role for the army and Ladhaki people as the pass is near LOC. So, it is more prone to terrorists’ attack.

This project was approved by government of India in January 2018 and on Thursday, 16th sept 2020 Union Minister Nitin Gadkari launched first blasting for construction. The project was a going on demand from all locals living there as it will make their travel short and save time.

FEATURES OF ZOJI-LA TUNNEL:

  • Zoji-la tunnel is 14.15km long and is at an altitude of about 3,000m under Zoji-la pass on NH-1 linking Srinagar and Leh through Drass and Kargil.
  • The tunnel will be massive achievement and is the longest tunnel in Asia.
  • Zoji-la tunnel will provide all year passage to the locals as well as to travelers.
  • It will provide immense support to the armed forces on keeping eye over the borders in Ladakh, Gilgit and Baltistan.
  •  The project will make Srinagar- Kargil- Leh section of NH-1 free from heavy snowfall and avalanches.
  • This tunnel will reduce travel time from 3 hours to 15 minutes (that’s great !!)
  • MEIL (Megha Engineering and Infrastructure) has taken this project who bid it for 4,505.5 crore. This is the lowest bid for the project.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi called Zoji-la tunnel project as “modern-day marvel”.
  • The construction cost of Zoji-la was Rs 6,575.85 crore and after adding total capital cost, it reach to 8,308 crore rupees by NHDICL. But the cost has reduced to 4,505.5 and on adding total capital cost. It comes out as 6,803 crore rupees.
  • The project was first given under private company which will later charge toll taxes but the government of India undertook it.
  • The tunnel will include a fully transverse ventilation system, emergency lighting, continuous power supply, CCTV monitoring and much more facilities.
  • Zoji-la tunnel will also have emergency telephones and fire fighting cabinets every 250m.

OBSTACLES TO OVERCOME:

  • The project is constructed from Z-morh tunnel to Zoji-la tunnel between Sonamarg- Kargil on NH-1. These areas usually face heavy snowfalls and avalanches making hard the construction process.
  •  The Zoji-la tunnel built 700m below surface level which will require heavy construction work.
  • The river flows adjacent to the working site which will affect the work.

The whole project is in two parts. The first part involves widening of 18.50km road and second part is construction of 14.15km long tunnel. The road widening will start from Judd- morh to Zoji-la tunnel.

The project was first given to IL&FS group company which later abandoned it due to financial problems. Zoji-la tunnel is expected to be finish in just 72 months. This route will also benefit Amarnath travelers. This project holds great importance for economic development of our country and we all are looking forward to the completion of it.