PCOD: What is it? Its symptoms, treatment and causes

PCOD is anachronym for Polycystic ovarian disease. If the conditions get worse further, the disease gets converted into PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome). It is biological imbalance of hormones in females. It is usually observed in women in age group between 12-45 years. In India, more than 1 million cases are seen every year. Hormonal imbalance causes irregular menstrual cycle, acne, hirsutism, weight gain and sudden mood swings. There are countless symptoms of pcod and if not treated on time leads to several heart diseases. Hormonal imbalance is mainly caused due to hectic lifestyle in which we are trapped. Eating unhealthy food, consuming meals late or skipping meals, not moving your body in any physical activity are some basic reasons for Pcod.

The most important thing to remember about pcod is, it is not a disease, its just result of your unhealthy lifestyle. There is not permanent cure for pcod nor there are any permanent medicines which one can take on daily basis. The only solution to this pcod is by improving your lifestyle. Being a pcod patient, I have observed that opting a good, clean and healthy schedule will kick away pcod within very less period of time. The medicines are temporary solution and you will soon understand that in order to treat pcod, you have to give all your patience, courage and power. So here is the detailed info about pcod, so that women out there can get to help (I would like to share what I personally have observed on my whole journey of curing pcod).

BIOLOGICAL REASONS FOR THE CAUSE

causes of pcod
  1. The female body has both female hormones, estrogen and progesterone as well as small number of male hormones, androgen. Under normal condition, male hormones are usually less than female hormones. But in pcod, the level of male hormones rises which affects the ovulation cycle occurring in females.
  2. This hormonal imbalance leads to irregular periods, facial hair growth, acne, weight gain, heavy hair fall, hirsutism and sudden mood swings.
  3. Ovaries contains follicles which are small sacs that contain eggs. Normally, each month ovary release one or two egg into the uterus when they get matured. This is called ovulation.
  4. In polycystic ovarian disease, the eggs in follicle do not mature and are not released from ovaries.
  5. These unmatured eggs form a layer called cysts inside ovary, which prevent ovulation.
  6. The lack of ovulation alters levels of FSH ( Follicle stimulating hormone ) and LH (Luteinizing hormone ) which controls ovulation.
  7. Pcod can be caused mainly due to genes, inflammation and insulin resistance (the cells in body does not use insulin efficiently).

SYMPTOMS OF PCOD

The most common symptoms of pcod can be seen within 1 or 2 months. Some common symptoms are: –

  1. IRREGUALR PERIODS: Due to lack of ovulation, the uterus linings do not shed off with blood and hence, periods do not occur.
  2. HEAVY BLEEDING: – Over time uterus lining gets thick and whenever it ruptures, heavy bleeding is observed.
  3. HAIR GROWTH: – Generally, in most cases women with this condition grow hairs on their face, belly and chest. Excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
  4. ACNE: – Excess male hormones makes oil secretary glands more active due to which, women faces acne.
  5. WEIGHT GAIN: – Most women gain weights, particularly near abdomen.
  6. BALDNESS: – Hair on scalp gets thinner.
  7. DARKENING OF SKIN: – The skin gets darker near neck and under breasts.

HOW BODY REACTS TO PCOD

Pcod affects women body in various ways, often these are life threatening too. Let’s take a look at these: –

  1. ENDOMETRIAL CANCER:

As the ovulation does not occur on regular basis, so the uterus linings get deposited and it causes endometrial cancer.

2. SLEEP APNEA: – Mostly, the women which are over weight deals with difficulty in breathing during their sleep.

3. METABOLIC SYNDROME: – As the women dealing with pcod are obese or over weight, they have higher risk of getting high blood pressure, low good cholesterol and high bad cholesterol. Thus, results in several heart diseases, diabetes and hypertension.

4. INFERTILITY: – To get pregnant, ovulation is necessary but in pcod you do not conceive due to lack of ovulation. This leads to infertility.

MEDICAL TREATMENTS FOR PCOD (TEMPRORARY SOLUTIONS)

If you have come across any of the above symptoms, do consult gynecologist. Some pills and checkups will be prescribed:

  1. BIRTH CONTROL PILLS – To balance hormones, control hair growth and protects from endometrial cancer.
  2. METFORMIN – To improve insulin levels.
  3. CLOMIPHENE – This helps women to get pregnant

These are medical treatments which will be given to you, when you approach a gynae. But to tell you the truth, to permanently treat pcod. One has to change their unhealthy lifestyle.

LIFESTYLE CHANGES TO COMBAT PCOD (PERMANENT SOLUTIONS)

In order to tackle pcod, exercise, healthy eating diet and proper schedule will surely improve symptoms of pcod.

Reducing weight will lower the risk of various heart diseases and will help in boosting good cholesterol level which in turn balances hormones. There are many YouTube trainers which I have followed personally for weight loss. The links are –

BLOGILATES

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvGEK5_U-kLgO6-AMDPeTUQ ( EMI WONG )

https://chloeting.com (CHLOE TING)

These are some youtubers which I recommend for exercising and weight loss.

Consuming good and healthy meals is also an important key to this journey. The diet should be rich in fiber, low in carbs and processed foods. One should increase the intake of complex carbs like healthy oatmeal, broccoli, green leafy vegetables and fruits. There is a myth, one should not consume dairy products but it is not like that. You have to avoid full cream milk. As body is resistant to insulin, one should lower the intake of refined foods, honey, jaggery, sugar and can food. More information on diet plan is provided in the link below –

weight loss plan by somya luhadiya

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJN3l7nQwqQIF2_RHfPxveg ( link for more recipes for pcod diet )

Exercising regularly and taking good healthy meal on time will help many women out there to remove pcod from its roots. The only thing you need is be consistent and determined because its sure is along journey but you can do it!!!!

DIGITAL INEQUALITY AMIDST CORONAVIRUS

The coronavirus pandemic has forced many families throughout the world to opt for digital mode for work, education and socialization. Some families have accepted this change with ease. But some are struggling due to inequality in our society. The people who are from underprivileged sections did not have enough penny to afford these changes. More than 1/3rd of schools in India are operating without electricity, making e-learning impossible. Coronavirus has made digitalization a necessity rather than a convenience. Inequality was a major threat in India which is increasing every year. And Coronavirus has made this even faster.

The pandemic has accelerated technological change, some businesses are doing fine with online mode whereas some are struggling due to inappropriate services. Many workers have been using masks, physical distancing and many other measures to earn wages. Some children have been sent to schools to learn due to absence of appropriate services. While others remain at their homes learning from computers.

DIGITAL INEQUALITIES AMIDST CORONAVIRUS

Unfortunately, pandemic has widened the gap of inequality in terms of technological access. due to which digitalization is now seeing as form of social inequality that is increasing with time. Hence the people belonging to lower sections as well as middle sections are most vulnerable.

As we are living in a tech savvy society. During this pandemic employment, education and income is completely dependent on technology as well as Social standards are making a huge gap too. For instance, some families have only one laptop for their needs making difficult to use by more than one at the same time.

EVEN IN 2020, ACCESS TO INTERNET IS JUST A DREAM TO MANY OUT THERE

WHY THIS DIGITAL INEQUALITY?

  • Amidst the condition of loss during this pandemic, Corporate sectors are keeping those with proficient skills.
  • Technology does not support all instead it has become a tool to use by wealthy people only.
  • Automation is removing many jobs and demanding new skills in others resulting in selection of only few individuals having knowledge.
  • The habit of people having best is somehow giving chances to the big entrepreneurs to get richer removing new ones.
  • Low skilled jobs are taken away by machine and those who lack education to meet the demand for high skills loose their jobs.
  • Education gap = Income gap
  • Today’s dilemma “an extremely skill driven economy without skilled workforce”.

SO WHO ARE AFFECTED DUE TO DIGITAL INEQAULITY?

India paces up efforts to promote ‘digital India’ dream but, more than 70% of rural India do not have access to internet.

  • Broadband usage in rural India is limited to a mere 29.2% whereas urban broadband penetration is up to 93%.
STATESPERCENTAGE
BIHAR21.69 %
UTTAR PRADESH21.64 %
MADHYA PRADESH23.88 %
JAMMU & KASHMIR16.58 %
WEST BENGAL25 %
ACCORDING TO REPORT PUBLISHED ON 31ST MARCH,2020

Are the states which have least no: of internet subscribers.

  • India has one of the largest gender gaps in terms of technology access. Overall 21% women are internet users while 41% are men.
  • Many schoolgirls don’t have access to computers on a regular basis.

HOW TO TACKLE DIGITAL INEQUALITY?

  1. Widening broadband internet access to rural areas in all public places to counter back digital inequality.
  2. Schools and libraries should be provided with internet access.
  3. Reducing taxes on devices and internet data to make it available to everyone.
  4. Reforming education pattern with new technologies to make students proficient in skills can be surely count to reduce digital inequality arising.
  5. Education policies must be directed to reduce gender gaps in utilization and access to technology.
  6. Government collaborations with entrepreneurs giving students an idea about skill ship development in digital field.

I raise up my voice — not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard … we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.

MALALA YOUSAFZAI,ACTIVIST FOR FEMALE EDUCATION

ZOJI-LA TUNNEL: CONSTRUCTION STARTS

Zoji-la tunnel project is a boosting project in the age of modern India. Zoji-la pass is situating at an altitude of 3,528 m on Srinagar – kargil leh highway. It is 15km from Sonamarg and provides a vital with Drass and Kargil in Ladakh. But, due to avalanche prone area, it remains close for about 6-7 months (November to May).

It takes more than 3 hours to cross the pass but tunnel will reduce it to 15 min. This tunnel plays an important role for the army and Ladhaki people as the pass is near LOC. So, it is more prone to terrorists’ attack.

This project was approved by government of India in January 2018 and on Thursday, 16th sept 2020 Union Minister Nitin Gadkari launched first blasting for construction. The project was a going on demand from all locals living there as it will make their travel short and save time.

FEATURES OF ZOJI-LA TUNNEL:

  • Zoji-la tunnel is 14.15km long and is at an altitude of about 3,000m under Zoji-la pass on NH-1 linking Srinagar and Leh through Drass and Kargil.
  • The tunnel will be massive achievement and is the longest tunnel in Asia.
  • Zoji-la tunnel will provide all year passage to the locals as well as to travelers.
  • It will provide immense support to the armed forces on keeping eye over the borders in Ladakh, Gilgit and Baltistan.
  •  The project will make Srinagar- Kargil- Leh section of NH-1 free from heavy snowfall and avalanches.
  • This tunnel will reduce travel time from 3 hours to 15 minutes (that’s great !!)
  • MEIL (Megha Engineering and Infrastructure) has taken this project who bid it for 4,505.5 crore. This is the lowest bid for the project.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi called Zoji-la tunnel project as “modern-day marvel”.
  • The construction cost of Zoji-la was Rs 6,575.85 crore and after adding total capital cost, it reach to 8,308 crore rupees by NHDICL. But the cost has reduced to 4,505.5 and on adding total capital cost. It comes out as 6,803 crore rupees.
  • The project was first given under private company which will later charge toll taxes but the government of India undertook it.
  • The tunnel will include a fully transverse ventilation system, emergency lighting, continuous power supply, CCTV monitoring and much more facilities.
  • Zoji-la tunnel will also have emergency telephones and fire fighting cabinets every 250m.

OBSTACLES TO OVERCOME:

  • The project is constructed from Z-morh tunnel to Zoji-la tunnel between Sonamarg- Kargil on NH-1. These areas usually face heavy snowfalls and avalanches making hard the construction process.
  •  The Zoji-la tunnel built 700m below surface level which will require heavy construction work.
  • The river flows adjacent to the working site which will affect the work.

The whole project is in two parts. The first part involves widening of 18.50km road and second part is construction of 14.15km long tunnel. The road widening will start from Judd- morh to Zoji-la tunnel.

The project was first given to IL&FS group company which later abandoned it due to financial problems. Zoji-la tunnel is expected to be finish in just 72 months. This route will also benefit Amarnath travelers. This project holds great importance for economic development of our country and we all are looking forward to the completion of it.

NANO DIAMOND BATTERY: GOOD OR BAD?

NANO DIAMOND BATTERY PROTOTYPE

A California origin company NDB( Nano Diamond Battery) innovated a self- charging battery by trapping carbon-14 in an artificial diamond case. The company claims the battery to run for 28,000 years by a single charge.

According to NBD, this battery can be used as a great substitute instead of non-renewable natural resources in industrial and economic sector. The US- based company says that the battery has various applications in commercial sectors like in electric vehicles, cameras, health devices, mobile phones etc. NDB claims it to be totally safe to use. As it is inside a hard and radioactive leak proof diamond case.

HOW THE BATTERY WORKS?

You all must be in a dilemma about how this battery is so efficient? (me too!!!) So, the answer to this question is nuclear wastes. The radioactive wastes generated as by- products of nuclear plants all around the world are used for this battery. The C-14 along with radioactive wastes are very difficult to dispose of. But, they can be used for generating power in the form of Nano diamond batteries.

The magic behind this long life of batteries is achieved by processing graphite nuclear waste into simpler form. Then converting it into micro diamonds. The radioactive waste surrounded by diamond started to decay and together with C-14 producing electric current. This regeneration of power will keep the battery full for a long time. The testing’s are already done at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and outcomes are very well satisfying. Nano diamond batteries provide 40% charge, which is a big improvement over the 15% charge efficiency. You all can check the following video for more knowledge for generating charge through Nano diamond battery:

ttps://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=nano+diamond+battery+video&docid=608039881875066717&mid=221B5BB0DE7FB81161B1221B5BB0DE7FB81161B1&view=detail&FORM=VIRE

APPLICATIONS OF THE NANO DIAMOND BATTERY:

DIAMOND CASE TO STOP RADIOACTIVE RADIATIONS
  1. AUTOMOBILE: NDB can be use to boost the electric vehicle revolution. Thus, giving a strong foundation in terms of longer life and efficiency. This can bring a huge change by changing primary bottleneck in EV vehicles.
  2. AEOROSCPACE: As the world is moving toward electrical based spacecrafts, there’s an increasing demand on the improvement of battery systems. But this is lagging due to safety and efficiency concerns. Satellites and space vehicles works on solar energy which will hinder due to hash space environment. This can be overcome by using Nano batteries in spacecrafts and launchers.
  3. ELECTRONICS: NDB can work as a mini power generator in mobile phone and laptops. Thus, eliminating the need of constant charging. It can also add as a solution to decline in the sales of electrical appliances.
  4. MEDICAL: These batteries can used in number of medical devices such as hearing aids and pacemaker. The device becomes long lasting with continuous power supply.
  5. INDUSTRIAL: The industries which are located in remote locations requires energy supply for the various processes which can be done by using Nano diamond batteries.
  6. DEFENSE: Defense machineries and surveillance systems can be benefited from this futuristic method of power supply.
NDB BATTERY CHARGER

KEY FEAUTURES OF NANO DIAMOND BATTERY:

  • Long life battery until the life of the device
  • High power
  • Tiny and compact device
  • Cost effective
  • Uses disposable waste products
  • Uninterrupted device usage
  • Higher working power
  • Possibility of a new generation smartphones
  • Used in electric cars to provide uninterrupted driving, higher mileage and sustainable form of energy
  • Power generating system in remote locations
  • Can work as mini power generator for number of electrical appliances

THE COMING CHALLENGES :

NBD claimed at inventing a battery technology that uses nuclear radioactive materials to produce electrons continuously. Thus, giving continuous power supply. According to news reports, the company has not yet invented the battery they describe in their report. The process is under working condition. The challenges are: –

  1. No battery is 100% efficient due to law of conservation of energy. The heat generated during energy conversion is not discussed, how it will be treated.
  2. While providing electric energy, the battery system will get heated so how the system will be cool down remains a question.
  3. The challenge is to maintain a balance between power generation and heat management without affecting the battery.
  4. Generation of new battery which provides energy for years is quite great but for such batteries new devices should exist to support it.

As we all know everything has two sides, one positive and one negative. It’s not that we are against the idea of making a battery that produces energy for years. But once the model of this system is designed than the company owns a solid proof on standing on its idea. At first, we does not consider landing of spacecraft vertically on the land. But we are prove wrong by SpaceX’s FalconX which achieved it. SO what we see is to believe!!!!!!.

CHANDRAYAAN-3: Back to the moon

CHANDRAYAAN-3 will be India’s second journey to the moon. Last year India launched Chandrayaan-2 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. But failed to land its rover on the moon. It was told that Chandrayaan-3 will be put set in motion at the end of 2020. As we are dealing with this huge pandemic Covid-19, the project is put on halt on temporary basis. Chandrayaan-3 is India’s desirous mission to complete the nation’s first lunar mission. During the India’s second lunar mission, the moon lander Vikram was crashed into the lunar surface. It was apparently due to its breaking rockets. Indian Space Research Organization ( ISRO ) has announced the launching of another lunar mission at the beginning of 2020.

Chandrayaan-3 is a planned third lunar exploration mission by Indian Space Research Organization like Chandrayaan-2. The latest lunar mission will cost about 6.15 billion or $ 91.2 million at current exchange rate making this project comparatively less expensive than Chandrayaan-2, which costed 9.7 billion or $ 136.1 million. The organization is planning to land its lander at the same position as the crash site of Chandrayaan-2.

CHANDRAYAAN-2, FOUNDATION FOR NEXT MISSION

CHANDRAYAAN-2, which is totally a indigenous mission comprising of an orbiter, lander and a rover. The goal of this mission is to explore south pole of the moon. This was an unique mission as it aims at studying not just one area of the moon instead areas combining the exosphere, the surface as well as the sub- surface of the moon in a single mission.

OBJECTIVES OF CHANDRAYAAN-2

OBJECTIVES FOR THIS MISSION-:

  • Moon provides best linkage to Earth’s early history. It describes a record of inner solar system environment.
  • To understand origin of the moon’s environment.
  • Study about presence of water on the surface, below the surface and in the layer of exosphere given by Chandrayaaan-1.

LAUNCHER AND THE SPACECRAFT

  • LAUNCHER-: The GSLV-Mk-III is India’s most powerful launcher to date. It contains designs and inner structure exclusively from India.
  • ORBITER-: The orbiter will observe the lunar surface and links Earth and Chandrayaan-2’s lander, Vikram.
  • VIKRAM LANDER-: The lander is India’s first step to soft landing on the lunar surface.
  • PRAGYAAN ROVER-: This is a six-wheeled rover which will move around the landing site in semi-autonomous mode as decided by ground commands.
CHANDRAYAAN-2 ROVER
INFORMATION RELATED TO CHANDRAYAAN-1 AND CHANDRAYAAN-2
CHANDRAYAAN-2 LANDER AND ORBITER

The older mission has an orbiter, lander and a rover which clearly explains the high price of Chandrayaan-3. Since the orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 already is in well condition so it can be use in Chandrayaan-3, confirmed by ISRO officials. A successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 will make India joining the list of the countries achieving this mission, which is comprising of China, United states and Russia.

LAUNCH DATE OF CHANDRAYAAN-3 DUE TO PAMDEMIC

The globally affecting pandemic due to coronavirus has put a halt with the working and organization of the mission. So it is clearly visible to expect slight delay in the launch date due to lockdown imposed by the Indian government. K. Sivan, ISRO chairman, spoke about the impacts covid-19 has on the organization in an interview. He said that all research development, designing, and manufacturing processes are closed on the temporary basis and further work will be done from home via video calling. He further added “ we cannot take any decision based on present condition so waiting is the correct option for now” he said.

WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR THIS DELAY?

This lockdown conditions arising from covid-19 is not the only reason for this pause. With the country’s large sum of funds is being utilize into dealing with economic drops, social infrastructure and to support its citizen in health aspects. Thus keeping in view of the present situation, the things which are necessary should be done first.

Moreover, any costly investment in the projects for future which is not meant for public relief will kindle criticism among the people of our nation.

In conclusion, We all are waiting eagerly for the launching of CHANDRAYAAN-3 as it will not only add our country to the list of achievers of this feat but will also help us to collect information about the water molecules that are present on the surface, inside and under the surface of the lunar region. It can looked as development project for boosting our fields in astronomical area all over the world.

COVID-19: Suicide bomber

The world is into the struggle of fighting coronavirus pandemic for about more than six months and yet we have got nothing in our hands. Amidst, this huge pandemic another issue has came into account , which is increased rates of suicide. The world is already under huge loss of its population due to this pandemic and again we are facing another problem. The main reasons of this increased suicide rates include depression due to job insecurities, students facing concerns for future and sense of isolation due to home quarantine.

According to the report of WHO (World Health Organization) every year almost 800,000 people are taking their life and there are many cases related to suicide attempts. Therefore, suicides are described as curse to both, the person also who does it and to the families, relatives and loved ones that are left behind. The only thing which suicide gives is a feeling of pain, agony and affliction that affects the people for long term. The age groups which are mostly affected by suicides are lying between 15-29 years. During these past years, it has been observed that the suicide rates are increasing not just in high income countries but also in low- and mid-income countries. Suicide is a severe threat to our world, but the thing is, it can be cured by taking proper guidance of counsellors, taking appropriate rest and giving yourself “Me- time”.

THE PEOPLE AT RISK

There is always an invisible link between suicides and mental disorders as one is the cause of another. Presently, many cases that we have come across are related to people living in low- and mid-income countries, undergo depression as they are unable to handle their life stresses such as financial problems, relationship break-up, chronic pain and illness.

Keeping eye over the present situation, people are going through mental stress, sense of isolation and concerns related to future aspects which are undoubtedly adding to the steps of taking one’s life. Sometimes vulnerable groups such as refugees and migrants, gay, bisexual, transgender, prisoners and intersex persons (LGBTI) also faced discrimination and are ended up taking their own life.

METHODS OPTED FOR THIS SUICIDES

It is always said that-” to know the answer to the question, one should investigate the causes first.” You all must be thinking why we are going through suicidal methods rather than we must go to its solution, but it is very important to read about these as this will help us in devising preventive strategies to limit the destruction. It is estimated that globally people takes poison, inappropriate medications, pesticides to take their life. Other methods are hanging themselves and firearms.

WHAT ARE THE MEASURES ONE CAN TAKE TO PREVENT AND CONTROL SUICIDES ?

The most calming thing is that we have the cure to this problem. There are number of measures at population, community and individual level to prevent this. The government launched some preventive suicidal programs to aware people. Prevention involves being able to see into the warning signs such as –

preventive measures related to suicide
  1. Saying that they are burden
  2. Keeping themselves isolated
  3. Feelings of hopelessness
  4. Extreme mood swings
  5. Talking about deaths and suicides
  6. Losing interests in activities
  7. Giving away possessions

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

Now some of the prevention tips recommended by the nonprofit organization Suicide Prevention Resource Centre are -:

DON’T OVERLOOK THEIR FEELINGS

Listen to what the person has to say without offering your judgements. When a person is talking about taking their life and suicides then you should take them seriously. Don’t be dismissive of their emotions.

SUICIDE IS A CRY FOR HELP

Always remember that suicide is an option, not a choice. The person who attempts to take his/her life does not want to die; it is only that they are in great emotional pain.

BE A LISTENER, SHOW THAT YOU CARE

Talking with an old friend not only soothes mind but also unburden oneself from all emotional pains and stresses. Giving them quick solutions to their problems is not correct instead listen to them patiently and try to make them feel comfortable.

  1. IF THEY ARE IN DANGER, DON’T LEAVE THEM ALONE

If the conditions seem awful don’t leave them alone as they might ended up hurting themselves. Take steps to get them away from dangerous things like knives, pills, heights etc

2. ENCOURAGE THEM TO TAKE PROFESSIONAL ADVICE

It may take some time and persistence, to urge them to make an appointment with mental health professional. As they have made an appointment, check them to continue with their appointments and treatments.

The measures which can be taken at government level involves recommended by WHO are -:

  1. Reducing access to the means of suicide such as pesticides, firearms, medications etc.
  2. Reporting by media in a responsible way
  3. School based interventions
  4. Early identification of problems, providing proper treatment and care to the people with mental disorders, chronic pain and mental distress
  5. Follow-up care for people who attempted suicides
  6. Introducing alcohol policies to limit its dosage

Collaboration and efforts of multiple sectors of society, including health sector and other sectors such as education, defense, politics, labor, agriculture, justice, business and media contributes to treatment of people. So Initiatives should be taken by each one of us because change can be brought by group not by an individual.

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES AND OBSTACLES ?

Suicide is a major stigma and taboo affecting people all over the world. In some cases, the people who attempted suicide are not seeking for help and the others who want help are not getting it on time. Therefore, to tackle this , we must have proper knowledge and awareness of suicide as a major health problem. Many countries have not included suicide prevention as their main health priorities and only 38 countries have suicide prevention strategy. We all have to overcome this barrier in order to safe precious lives.

NEURALINK: The Future Awaits

We all are familiar with Tesla, the company manufacturing electrical vehicles and SpaceX , the futuristic company which designs, manufactures spacecrafts. Elon Reeve Musk , is founder and CEO of Tesla and CEO of SpaceX. He has launched various startups like solarCity, Starlink,Zip2, Hyperloop and many more. Recently, he has launched a startup named as , NEURALINK, a American neurotechnology company which develops implantable brain machine interfaces (BMI). The company’s headquarters are in San Francisco. At present, Neuralink is in its growing stages and we are looking forward for its various inventions.

WHAT IS THE AIM OF NEURALINK ?

NEURALINK, aims at creating a Brain machine interfaces which involves a system that connects brain with the external technology. You all are quite friendly with ” Ok Google ” and ” Alexa “which works on our voice commands. On contrary, Neuralink will work on the command which you can give through your brain. Quite amazing !!!!!. Don’t you think ?We can control all our machines using our brain like you all have seen in the movie ” The Matrix”.

HOW DOES NEURALINK WORKS ?

As we all know, our brain sends information to different parts of our body through neurons, branched – shaped like structure. So this device will convert that information send by brain into electrical signals that can be easily interpreted by the machines . The neurons in your brain forms a huge network and connects each part of your body, to communicate through chemical signals known as neurotransmitter. The reactions done by our brain generates an electrical field which is recorded by the electrodes. This device is in the form of a small chip roughly sized as 23mm in diameter. It has more than 3000 electrodes which are connected through wires, which are thinner than hair strands. These wires are capable of tracking the activities of 1000 brain cells(unbelievable!!). The main component of the device is electrode which converts electrical signals into an algorithm that a machine can read.

Neuralink Chip structure
The size of Neuralink chip as compared to finger size

HOW THIS CHIP WILL BE INSERTED ?

The installation of this device will be done in our cortex. Being a complicated procedure, the insertion of Neuralink in human’s brain requires a skilled hands. Therefore, surgery will be done with the help of specialized robot hand. The company has assured of doing the operation under the guidance of health ministries of America to ensure the safety of their patients. The robots are particularly designed by the company to plant the chip without causing any damage to the brain and blood vessels. Neuralink ‘s engineers designed the robots with woke studios industrial engineers. The Neuralink robot will insert the chip having multiple wire housing electrodes surgically. These wires are thinner than the strand of hair. “The procedure for installation will took at least 2 hours according to the company ‘s CEO – Elon Musk “.

” NEURALINK’S SURGICAL ROBOT”
Working of brain machine interfaces that are used in Neuralink

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF USING THIS CHIP ?

The company ‘s main agenda for creating this device is to counter many health related problems which particularly involves physical impairment . Elon musk said in an interview that Neuralink could be of great help for the people who are paraplegics and it might also be used for treating epilepsy . He further added that the device will help in treating memory loss , weak eyesight , deafness ,paralysis, mental illness and limb action.. With reference to the future needs , this device can also help in strengthening military powers. Thus, DARPA is also investing tens of millions of dollars in developing a brain computer interface for use by soldiers. And subsequently this is where technologies can affect us humans and things can go really wrong. As every coin has two sides.

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES THAT NEURALINK HAVE TO FACE ?

In short, the challenges that Neuralink has to overcome are as follows, firstly , very few people on earth have undergone complex skull surgeries so the probability for the people to trust on this installation would be less. As it is extremely dangerous and invasive to operate on human brain. Secondly, not having enough knowledge about how the neurons works inside human brain. Thirdly, the company has to make the installation and removal process of this device simpler. There are also some concerns related to hackers who might try to steal our data directly from our brains.

As of now, this technology has not yet been tested on humans. The first live testing was done on a pig named Gertrude, on 29th august which was having this coin sized chip in its brain for two months. Presently , Neuralink is still pending one of its important permits from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. There are many questions arising in the mind of our readers. These questions will become clear as we approach towards commercial launch of this device.

” Having such a futuristic device in our generation could be of great help. Really looking forward to the evolution of this device . As it can connect the human world with the artificial intelligence world . A VERY WELL COLLABORATION OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE WITH DIGITAL SCIENCE AND AI.”